Conditionals Table (0, 1st, 2nd, Third, Mixed Conditional Review)

Conditional Review Table (Zero, First, Second, Third, & Mixed Conditional)

NameExampleVerb FormTime / Usage
0 Conditional / Present RealIf/when it rains, the streets get wet.If/when I’m tired, I go to bed.Present + PresentPresent (always)
1st Conditional / Future RealIf/when it rains tomorrow, I’ll bring my umbrella.Present + FutureFuture (real possibility)
2nd Conditional / Future UnrealIf I won a million dollars, I would buy a boat.If I were the president, I would lower taxes.Past + would/could/might + base formFuture (unlikely)Present unreal situations
3rd Conditional / Past UnrealIf I had gone to the party yesterday, I would have met many people.Past Perfect + Perfect ModalPast unreal situations
Mixed ConditionalIf I had gone to the party, I would be tired now.Past Perfect + would/could/might + base formPast condition giving a present result

0 Conditional

  • Used to state general truths, facts, or habits.

1st Conditional

  • Used to predict future probabilities. The speaker believes the event is likely and a real possibility.

2nd Conditional

  • Used for unlikely or impossible events in the future: If I met an alien, I would ask many questions.
  • Used for situations that are not true now (Counterfactual): If I weren’t here, I would be at home sleeping.

3rd Conditional

  • Used for Past Counterfactuals. If WWII had not happened, … .
  • Often used to express regret or mistakes: If you had told me to bring an umbrella, I would have brought one.

Mixed Conditional

  • IF clause uses 3rd conditional; result clause uses the 2nd If I hadn’t eaten it, my stomach wouldn’t be upset.
  • Less common: IF clause uses 2nd conditional; result clause uses 3rd conditional: If he were smart, he would have applied.

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– Conditionals review adapted for www.Englishcurrent.com

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4 comments on “Conditionals Table (0, 1st, 2nd, Third, Mixed Conditional Review)

  1. Korea Teacher (Posted on 12-8-2016 at 19:18) Reply

    Thanks for this. Very helpful.

  2. Rai Munir (Posted on 1-22-2017 at 02:49) Reply

    Thumb up!
    I wish SUBJUNCTIVE STRUCTURE were there as well.

  3. Anonymous (Posted on 5-3-2018 at 10:45) Reply

    nice

  4. Anonymous (Posted on 5-5-2018 at 04:31) Reply

    thanks

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