Conditional Review Table (Zero, First, Second, Third, & Mixed Conditional)
|Name||Example||Verb Form||Time / Usage|
|0 Conditional / Present Real||If/when it rains, the streets get wet.If/when I’m tired, I go to bed.||Present + Present||Present (always)|
|1st Conditional / Future Real||If/when it rains tomorrow, I’ll bring my umbrella.||Present + Future||Future (real possibility)|
|2nd Conditional / Future Unreal||If I won a million dollars, I would buy a boat.If I were the president, I would lower taxes.||Past + would/could/might + base form||Future (unlikely)Present unreal situations|
|3rd Conditional / Past Unreal||If I had gone to the party yesterday, I would have met many people.||Past Perfect + Perfect Modal||Past unreal situations|
|Mixed Conditional||If I had gone to the party, I would be tired now.||Past Perfect + would/could/might + base form||Past condition giving a present result|
- Used to state general truths, facts, or habits.
- Used to predict future probabilities. The speaker believes the event is likely and a real possibility.
- Used for unlikely or impossible events in the future: If I met an alien, I would ask many questions.
- Used for situations that are not true now (Counterfactual): If I weren’t here, I would be at home sleeping.
- Used for Past Counterfactuals. If WWII had not happened, … .
- Often used to express regret or mistakes: If you had told me to bring an umbrella, I would have brought one.
- IF clause uses 3rd conditional; result clause uses the 2nd If I hadn’t eaten it, my stomach wouldn’t be upset.
- Less common: IF clause uses 2nd conditional; result clause uses 3rd conditional: If he were smart, he would have applied.
– Conditionals review adapted for www.Englishcurrent.com