Utopia (Upper-Intermediate Lesson Plan)

ESL/EFL Level: B2/C1 (Upper-Intermediate)
Lesson Topics: utopia, dystopia, designing an ideal society
Skill Focus: Reading, Speaking, Vocabulary
Approximate Class Time: 1.75 hours
Lesson Plan Download: utopia-upper-intermediate-lesson-plan-062024.docx
Lesson Overview:

  • After a warm-up activity, read a 257-word passage about the concept of utopia, attempts at utopian societies, and dystopia. The passage is followed by recall activity, reading comprehension questions, and a vocabulary-matching activity. After vocabulary matching, students form discussion questions with the target vocabulary.
  • There are three debate topics related to whether society is becoming more utopian or dystopian, the role of technology, and monoculturalism. Next, the lesson has one role-play scenario between a recruiter of a utopian commune and a hiker.
  • Next are two speaking activities. The first has students design their own utopian society. In the second, students discuss ideals.
  • After famous quotations, the lesson ends with a review of vocabulary and collocations before presenting some final discussion questions.

a utopian hippy community

UPPER-INTERMEDIATE (B2/C1) Lesson on Utopia


  1. What would you like to see changed in the following areas? your life / your city / your school/work
  2. What does the word utopia mean?

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This lesson plan was created by Matthew Barton of EnglishCurrent.com (copyright). Site members may photocopy and edit the file for their classes. Permission is not given to rebrand the lesson, redistribute it on another platform, or sell it as part of commercial course curriculum. ChatGPT was used to generate answer keys and some famous quotations. For questions, contact the author.

Comprehension Question Answer Key

  1. The word 'utopia' was created by Sir Thomas More in 1516 in his book titled "Utopia."
  2. John Lennon's song "Imagine" is mentioned as a famous example of utopian thinking, highlighting the dreamer aspect of utopianism.
  3. Utopian ideas can lead to unrealistic or harmful beliefs, such as the Soviet idea that crime would disappear under socialism or the fascist idea that racial purity could solve all societal problems.
  4. Dystopian stories describe worlds with severe problems. …
  5. Lyman Tower Sargent believes that people's desires are varied and often conflicting, making it impossible to create a society that satisfies everyone. …
  6. The idea of utopia may be valuable as it inspires people to work towards a better world, even if a truly perfect society is impossible.

Vocabulary matching: 1-b, 2-I, 3-d, 4-a, 5-k, 6-k, 7-f, 8-c, 9-L, 10-h, 11-g, 12-e

Collocations 1-d, 2-a, 3-e, 4-b, 5-c

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