How to Use the Verbs 'Raise' and 'Rise' Correctly
1) raise / raised / raised
Definition: to move something to a higher position
Example: I raised my hand.
Raise is a transitive verb. This means the verb can take an object; e.g. you can raise something. You can raise your hand. You can raise a flag. Transitive verbs (verbs that take a direct object) are quite common. They include eat (what is the object you eat? = sandwich), see (see what? = a movie), read (read what? = a book), etc. You eat a sandwich; you see a movie; you read a book, and you raise your hand.
2) rise / rose / risen
Definition: to move from a lower position to a higher position
Example: Hot air rises.
Rise is an intransitive verb. This means the verb CANNOT take an object; you cannot rise something. The sun rises. Prices rise. A balloon rises in the air. We use this verb when we talk about something that happened. The meaning is complete without an object. There are many examples of intransitive verbs, e.g. The man died. The airplane arrived. Intransitive verbs, such as rise, die, arrive, cannot take an object. You cannot die something, you cannot arrive something, and you cannot rise something.
That is the difference between the verbs to raise and to rise.
Raise & Rise: Exercises
Do you think you understand? Let's see! Take the raise and rise quiz below.
1. The rocket in the sky.
2. The cowboy his gun and then fired it.
3. The shop manager the prices in the shop.
4. The value of the U.S. dollar .
1. The rocket rose in the sky.
2. The cowboy raised his gun and then fired it.
3. The shop manager raised the prices in the shop.
4. The value of the U.S. dollar is rising.
Note: the verb arise has a different meaning from rise and raise. To arise means to happen; to occur; e.g. I hope a problem does not arise.
Keep studying and practicing. If you have a question, please leave a comment below.
- Matthew Barton of Englishcurrent.com