Conditionals Table (0, 1st, 2nd, Third, Mixed Conditional Review)

Conditional Review Table (Zero, First, Second, Third, & Mixed Conditional)

NameExampleVerb FormTime / Usage
0 Conditional / Present RealIf/when it rains, the streets get wet.If/when I'm tired, I go to bed.Present + PresentPresent (always)
1st Conditional / Future RealIf/when it rains tomorrow, I'll bring my umbrella.Present + FutureFuture (real possibility)
2nd Conditional / Future & Present UnrealIf I won a million dollars, I would buy a boat.If I were the president, I would lower taxes.Past + would/could/might + base formFuture (unlikely)Present unreal situations
3rd Conditional / Past UnrealIf I had gone to the party yesterday, I would have met many people.Past Perfect + Perfect ModalPast unreal situations
Mixed ConditionalIf I had gone to the party, I would be tired now.Past Perfect + would/could/might + base formPast condition giving a present result

0 Conditional

  • Used to state general truths, facts, or habits.

1st Conditional

  • Used to predict future probabilities. The speaker believes the event is likely and a real possibility.

2nd Conditional

  • Used for unlikely or impossible events in the future: If I met an alien, I would ask many questions.
  • Used for situations that are not true now (Counterfactual): If I weren't here, I would be at home sleeping.

3rd Conditional

  • Used for Past Counterfactuals. If WWII had not happened, … .
  • Often used to express regret or mistakes: If you had told me to bring an umbrella, I would have brought one.

Mixed Conditional

  • IF clause uses 3rd conditional; result clause uses the 2nd If I hadn't eaten it, my stomach wouldn't be upset.
  • Less common: IF clause uses 2nd conditional; result clause uses 3rd conditional: If he were smart, he would have applied.



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11 comments on “Conditionals Table (0, 1st, 2nd, Third, Mixed Conditional Review)

  1. Korea Teacher (Posted on 12-8-2016 at 19:18) Reply

    Thanks for this. Very helpful.

  2. Rai Munir (Posted on 1-22-2017 at 02:49) Reply

    Thumb up!
    I wish SUBJUNCTIVE STRUCTURE were there as well.

  3. Anonymous (Posted on 5-3-2018 at 10:45) Reply


  4. Anonymous (Posted on 5-5-2018 at 04:31) Reply


  5. Elie Gisore (Posted on 5-1-2020 at 17:11) Reply

    That was helpful

  6. Ron (Posted on 7-9-2020 at 10:49) Reply

    no. the second conditional is PRESENT UNREAL —NOT FUTURE

    1. mb Post author (Posted on 7-9-2020 at 14:00) Reply

      Hello. Yes, it is also used for the present. The image and table weren’t updated to indicate that. I have made the changes. Thanks for the feedback.

  7. rara (Posted on 4-25-2022 at 20:54) Reply

    thank u so much for this website omg this was so helpful!! good grace i came over ur website!! ur language is so simple and easy to understand. btw, this is real from my saying, i’m not a bot.

  8. Anna (Posted on 2-27-2024 at 13:41) Reply

    Thank you very much!!! Well explained!

  9. usman (Posted on 3-18-2024 at 20:03) Reply


  10. Taiwan elementary student from DISK (Posted on 5-19-2024 at 03:34) Reply

    This is very useful

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